Books » Social sciences

, Joe R.Feagin, Hernan Vera .Pinar Batur 2001, WHITE RACISM, Routledge,London and New York
One of the great ironies of U.S. history is the way in which freedom and liberty were developed for white Americans on the backs of African Americans and other Americans of color. For example, the first part of the Capitol building in Washington, DC, which has long housed the deliberations of a white-dominated U.S. Congress, was built by enslaved African Americans, whose white owners were paid for that labor. Those who actually did the work on this great symbol of democracy were not paid, nor have their descendants been compensated for this theft of labor. This history is even more ironic, for it was enslaved African Americans who put the statue of Freedom at the top of the Capitol dome in the 1860s. This statue was of a Native American woman warrior dressed in a flowing robe and helmet. Those who cast the statue, loaded its pieces onto wagons, assembled it, and hoisted it to the top of the Capitol building were African American workers who did not possess the freedom they were helping to celebrate. And the indigenous American peoples represented in this statue to freedom were in the process of being eliminated or subordinated as well. Not only has the story of the construction of the Capitol and its statue of freedom been forgotten by almost all Americans, but the implications and consequences of this long-term racial oppression of African and Native Americans are also largely denied or brushed aside today by most white Americans. U.S. society and its basic institutions and daily-life rhythms are still riddled with the elements and practices of white racism, a systemic reality with deep roots in the past and major consequences for all Americans in the present. It is this continuing reality that we address in this book.
Order Now
Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences Pragativadi, Daily Odia News Paper KIIT University